Cathryn Chaney has worked as a gardening writer since 2002. Crinum lilies bloom during the warm months and range in height from 3 to 8 feet tall depending on species. Amaryllis prefers to be pot bound, although it can be planted in some smaller garden beds. They also all bear magnificently ornate flowers, a reason why gardeners love to grow them. Bulb size: 28-32 cm. Native to South Africa, Clivia (Clivia spp.) The flowers emerge in a on the end of a long stalk. There are about 50 species but thousands of man-made hybrid and mutated varieties exist. Chaney graduated from the University of Arizona in 1992 with a Bachelor of Arts in English. Allow the sprouts to grow for a few weeks (they should look like grass) before transplanting them into larger individual pots. is native to tropical Africa and nearby moist parts of Arabia. grows only two strappy leaves from each bulb. Breaking through the melting snowdrifts in the last days of winter, snowdrops (Galanthus spp.) Also called poison-bulb or misleading as crinum lilies, these plants grow large, broad, sword-like leaves. Back to Top The giant amaryllis flowers commonly grown as winter-blooming houseplants are generally carefully bred hybrids derived from various species in the Hippeastrum genus, a group of tropical plants from Central and South America. Amaryllis is a popular flowering plant for festive Christmas decor. Learning how to harvest and sow your own amaryllis … Rain lily grows in USDA zones 7b through 11. Provide this by incorporating grit or sand and leaf mould or well-rotted manure into multi-purpose compost. Plant the bulb, pointed-end-up, in potting mix. Hippeastrum (/ ˌ h ɪ p iː ˈ æ s t r ə m /) is a genus of about 90 species and over 600 hybrids and cultivars of perennial herbaceous bulbous plants. Then keep the soil barely moist, applying no more than ¼ cup of water per week. Hippeastrum is a genus in the family Amaryllidaceae (subfamily Amaryllidoideae, tribe Hippeastreae, and subtribe Hippeastrineae). The closely related torch lily (Scadoxus multiflorus) has large spherical red flower heads, and also grows in USDA zones 10 and 11. The leaves are ribbon up to 35 cm long. Jacob J. Wright became a full-time writer in 2008, with articles appearing on various websites. They generally have large fleshy bulbs and tall broad leaves, generally evergreen, and large red or purple flowers. In the northern hemisphere, the leaves are present from spring through summer, die back, and it flowers in autumn. Sometimes misleadingly called lilies, members of the amaryllis family, Amaryllidaceae, belong to their own distinct botanical group. When Does the Lily of the Valley Bloom Outdoors? Each plant can grow 18-24 inches in height and produces 5 or 6 individual flowers. Several kinds of amaryllis relatives have spherical heads of many flowers giving a large pom-pom or paint-brush effect. The long, strap-like leaves are attractive, but it’s the lily-like flowers – exotic and tropical – that are the star of the amaryllis show. Native to South America, perfumed fairy lily is hardy in USDA zones 10 through 11. Grass-like clumps of leaves are suitable for edgings, borders and rock gardens, rising about 4 to 8 inches from the soil. From spidery cybisters to 75cm-tall giants, all amaryllis have the same requirements. The plants grow no taller than 12 to 14 inches. Feed them with an all-purpose fertilizer . Nothing brightens up a cold winter day like a blooming amaryllis bulb (Hippeastrum sp.)! What Is the Difference Between Jonquils & Buttercups? They resembled fruit flies or gnats but are really tiny. These reliable growers will delight you with their colorful yet exotic flowers. After 6 weeks you may remove bulbs whenever you would like to plant them. The first thing to emerge from the bulb is usually a bud. The amaryllis plant needs a warm climate for proper growth with temperatures around 70-75 ºF. Amaryllis Belladonna have fragrant light-pink flowers appear in mid-August once their green foliage has died back, giving them the common name of “Naked Ladies.” Natives to South Africa they do well in the southwest and other hot, dry locations. While you might see other waxed amaryllis bulbs around this holiday season, the upside-down kits are exclusive to Gardener’s Supply Company. The red to orange flower heads comprise hundreds of stamens with long filaments, looking like a ball of cat whiskers. The florist amaryllis (Hippeastrum spp.) These plants do grow year 'round in their native habitats. Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) seeds are not readily available on the market. Plant bulbs 8 weeks before you would like them to bloom. are called bush lilies or fire lilies, as well as the ethnic-insensitive name Kaffir lilies. Plant Again. A cheery variety that is sure to catch visitors’ attention, the Clown has pure-white petals with … Store the bulbs for a minimum of 6 weeks. Caution: Do not store amaryllis bulbs in a refrigerator that contains apples, this will sterilize the bulbs. Daffodils' blooming season extends from late winter to mid-spring with flower petals ranging in color from white to yellow with central flower cups being white, pink, yellow or orange or shades in-between. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! It blossoms with red flowers which are gathered in the umbel. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. True lilies belong to the lily family, Liliaceae. All Rights Reserved. are native to eastern Asia and are either spring- or fall-blooming. The blood lily (Scadoxus spp.) Whether the first bulb or the fiftieth, there is high anticipation for the plant owner when the large, bright green bud emerges from a beefy amaryllis bulb! After you plant your bulbs, water well to help settle them into their pots. For best results, grow your amaryllis in a relatively cool room (60-65°F) with bright, indirect light. The white flowers of spider lilies (Hymenocallis spp.) Ideally plant Amaryllis belladonna in the shelter of a warm wall where they will clump up nicely. Seventeen species of Amazon lily (Eucharis spp.) Star-shaped small flowers come in pink, yellow and white. Chaney also writes poetry, which has appears in "Woman's World" magazine and elsewhere. Light up your home with its stunning trumpet-like blooms, strappy leaves and delicate fragrance. If the bulb is planted … 24-36" tall. Make sure that at least 1/3 of the bulb is sticking out of the surface of the soil. The plant has tall flower spires, reaching 30cm to even 60cm for some varieties, and the flower heads are large and dramatic. Three species of note inclue Hymenocallis caribaea, Hymenocallis littoralis and Hymenocallis tubiflora. Like daffodils or tulips, the amaryllis plant starts out as a bulb—often sold as part of a kit containing the bulb, a heavy pot, and some growing medium (ideally, a sterile, soilless planting mix). But you are right, it looks like Amaryllis belladonna, its just it grows a little differently there compared to the UK, and its confusing thinking about terms like 'spring' in a different hemisphere! The quinessential perennial bulb that creates resplendent spring flower displays, jonquils and daffodils (Narcissus spp.). ; 2004. Red spider lily (Lycoris radiata) has brilliant red flowers with long stamens in fall, growing in USDA zones 7 through 10. They thrive in well-drained soil, naturalizing readily. Do not use pots without holes in the bottom. Also native to South Africa but best in a gritty soil, belladonna lily (Amaryllis belladonna) is seasonally dormant, lacking foliage in the few months before the naked flower stems poke up from the soil. is a recognizable plant, especially seen as potted gifts or houseplants around Christmastime. Amaryllis bulbs can be planted directly in the ground in areas where temperatures do not go below 10°F (Zones 8-10), or in zone 7 for cold-tolerant species that we sell for spring planting. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. We recently purchased two amaryllis bulbs and a new bag of potting soil. North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension Service: Chlidanthus Fragrans. Although most have white flowers, Haemanthus sanguineus and Haemanthus coccineus have showy red inflorescences, and are hardy in USDA zones 10 through 11. is a recognizable plant, especially seen as potted gifts or houseplants around Christmastime. They’re best suited to a rich, very well drained growing medium, in a warm, light spot. Cybister Amaryllis produce delicate blooms that look more like wildflowers or dragonflies. Several kinds of amaryllis relatives have spherical heads of many flowers giving a large pom-pom or paint-brush effect. These look much like a paintbrush but grow with many leaves emanating from the bulb and the flower occurs before the leaves in spring to early summer. For groups of 2 or more bulbs, select a wider pot that provides an equally snug fit. Glossy dark green leaves are attractive by themselves, but the drooping flowers that resemble white daffodils look exquisite when they appear in spring to early summer. It flowers in late summer. Depending on species, the flowers are either creamy white, pink or orange-red. Glossy dark green leaves are attractive by themselves, but the drooping flowers that resemble white daffodils look exquisite when they appear in spring to early summer. Heavy pots are preferable because lightweight pots may tip over under the weight of the blooms. They grow 12 to 20 inches tall, also species dependent. Some brightly colored daffodils that grow in USDA zones 3 through 8 are golden yellow "Golden Ducat," pink-cupped "Pink Pride," yellow-and-orange "Fortissimo" and "Scarlet Gem" with yellow petals and a red-orange cup. Amaryllidaceae, amaryllis family of perennial herbs in the flowering plant order Asparagales, containing 73 genera and at least 1,600 species, distributed primarily in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Many kinds of amaryllis relatives have white or light-colored flowers, but some of the showiest bulb flowers belong in this family, including the plants commonly called amaryllis which really belong to the genus Hippeastrum. Daffodils' blooming season extends from late winter to mid-spring with flower petals ranging in color from white to yellow with central flower cups being white, pink, yellow or orange or shades in-between. Flowers grow at the top of a long leafless stem, usually in groups but sometimes singly. To plant, first remove any dead, dried-out roots, then soak the fleshy roots for 1 hour. Jersey lilies look good in gravel gardens and in borders but make sure they aren’t shaded by bigger plants in the summer when the dormant bulbs need to bake in the sun to … Members of the family have bulbs or underground stems, several strap- or lance-shaped leaves grouped at the base of the… The Name Amaryllis Has Roots in Greek Mythology. Kaffir lily (Clivia miniata) grows 12 to 24 inches tall in USDA zones 9 through 10 with orange flowers in winter to spring. Nerine is a rare plant. These bulbs bear evergreen strap-like leaves and bear flower clusters that are orange or golden yellow in winter to summer, depending on species. Amaryllis deliver huge, brilliant flowers in abundance and in lots of jazzy colour combinations. The members of the amaryllis family contain mild poisons in their parts and should not be eaten. African plants called powderpuff or paintbrush (Haemanthus spp.) He has worked professionally at gardens in Colorado, Florida, Minnesota, New York, North Carolina and Pennsylvania. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, pink lilies image by susie peek-swint from. Quality Matters . Unusual, orchid-like flowers resemble starbursts. The yellow-flowered golden surprise lily (Lycoris chinensis) grows in USDA zones 5 through 9. Amaryllis is a striking indoor plant that’s surpisingly easy to grow. Also native to South Africa but best in a gritty soil, belladonna lily (Amaryllis belladonna) is seasonally dormant, lacking foliage in the few months before the naked flower stems poke up from the soil. Seventeen species of Amazon lily (Eucharis spp.). Amaryllis is a monotypic (consisting of only one species) genus of flowering plants containing the Belladonna Lily, popularly known as the Amaryllis belladonna lily. How Long Does it Take for a Water Lilly to Reach Maturity? have large bulbs that produce thick green leaves in winter. Vallota purpurea has long dark-green leaves, the flower stalk of 25 cm in height. Plant in the garden bed when temperatures are above 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius) and there is no risk of a bad frost. are also showy members of the amaryllis family. Sometimes misleadingly called lilies, members of the amaryllis family, Amaryllidaceae, belong to their own distinct botanical group. Spider lilies (Lycoris spp.) University of Florida IFAS Extension: Zephyranthes spp. katherinae. All Amaryllis are not equal – size and quality matters. Therefore, most people acquire this bold and beautiful plant mature and ready to bloom. Clown. They make long-lasting cut flowers with a citrusy scent. Flower colors are yellow, orange, red-orange, pink, cream and white. These plants have strappy leaves and huge flowers shaped like trumpet lilies. African plants called powderpuff or paintbrush (Haemanthus spp.) Two species known to many tropical gardeners are Scadoxus puniceus and Scadoxus multiflorus subsp. Gardeners plant amaryllis bulbs for the gorgeous, trumpet-shaped flowers that bloom in incredible shades from white through orange and red. The quinessential perennial bulb that creates resplendent spring flower displays, jonquils and daffodils (Narcissus spp.) The blood-red Aztec lily (Sprekelia formosissima) from Mexico has differently shaped petals and a bilaterally symmetrical flower. Wright holds a graduate diploma in environmental horticulture from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and a Master of Science in public horticulture from the University of Delaware. Jersey Lily, also known as belladonna lily is a type of naked lady flower that is native to … At best, it is a 3-4 year (often more) commitment to bring an amaryllis seed to full bloom. The red to orange flower heads comprise hundreds of stamens with long filaments, looking like a ball of cat whiskers. Choose a container that has a drainage hole and is about 2 inches wider than the diameter of 1 amaryllis bulb. Amaryllis flowers range in color from light pink to red. The Amaryllis flowers typically appear before the plant produces the majority of its leaves. The flowers occur often in summer and fall and are dense with stamens, making them look like plump, upright paintbrushes. A fragrant yellow-flowered amaryllis native, perfumed fairy lily (Chlidanthus fragrans) grows 10 to 12 inches tall and blooms in summer. Some types, such as Amaryllis ‘Ferrari,’ are tended in greenhouses to encourage flowering in December—just in time for Christmas. Easy to give, easy to grow. How to Grow Amaryllis. Therefore, watering the plant becomes an essential requirement so that the plant has all that it … Although amaryllis (Hippeastrum spp., USDA zones 8-10) are often sold and planted as bulbs, they can also be started from seed. Amaryllis (Amaryllis belladonna) is a sun loving perennial plant that produces highly fragrant flowers late in summer. The florist amaryllis (Hippeastrum spp.) Keep the plants in direct sun and treat them like any other amaryllis. In general, narcissus grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 10, depending on the species or cultivar. It grows from a bulb and blooms about 6 weeks after planting. Like all amaryllis… Other names for it include naked ladies, magic lily, azucena and resurrection lily. Hippeastrums are not fragrant, they have fewer flowers than amaryllis plants. Planting in October or November ensures Amaryllis will bear a cluster of vibrant red or white trumpet-shaped flowers come December 25. GROWING AMARYLLIS OUTDOORS. have six long, linear petals that surround a white cup or "webbing" that connects the bases of the six whisker-like stamens. hail from the tropical forests in Central America and the Andes Mountains. Rose-Pink Amaryllis is Exotic and Festive. Native to South Africa and Namibia, paintbrush (Haemanthus spp.) "Tropical Flowering Plants"; Kirsten Albrecht Llamas; 2003, "A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants"; Christopher Brickell and H. Marc Cathey, eds. There are over 100 different species of Crinum, native to the tropics and warm temperature regions. First, know that Amaryllis bulbs do NOT naturally require a dormant period - i.e.. a forced rest over winter without light and water where the bulbs are stored at cool temperatures.. Sort by: Best Match Product A-Z Product Z-A Price Low-High Price High-Low Reviews High-Low Best Selling are a small, close relative to florist amaryllis. It grows in USDA zones 8 through 10. Her horticultural experience working in the nursery industry informs her garden articles, especially those dealing with arid landscaping and drought-tolerant gardening. They are perfectly suited for container gardens. Native to Europe and the Mediterranean area of North Africa, southern Europe and Asia, Narcissus is a large genus that includes daffodils, jonquils and narcissus (Narcissus spp.). Three species often encountered in tropical shade gardens are Eucharis amazonica, Eucharis ulei and Eucharis grandiflora. The true genus amaryllis is represented by naked ladies (Amaryllis belladonna), so-called because the pink flowers bloom in summer when no other plant parts are present. The story goes that amaryllis flowers sprung up … Only blooming in white, the plants grow 4 to 10 inches tall, depending on species. Jersey Lily. True lilies belong to the lily family, Liliaceae. Southern Living: Daffodil Essential Southern Plant, North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension Service: Scadoxus, Haemanthus, North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension Service: Clivia Miniata. can bloom several times a season depending on rainfall. Mystica, Rose Cybyster, Evergreen, Papilio and Sumatra amaryllis. Alternatively, put in fridge and plant before the end of December. If your amaryllis is not already potted, plant each amaryllis bulb in a 6-8" pot. It does not require any specific soil type and can grow on any garden soil with sufficient moisture content. READ MORE: 10 Roses we know you’ll love The brilliant flowers of amaryllis may demand attention, but when it comes to growing them, these plants are as laid-back as their true name ‘hippy’ Hippeastrum hybrids suggests – all you have to do is plant the bulbs, water them and sit back and wait. Stunning blooms have narrow, elegantly curved petals. The amaryllis family is mostly native to tropical and warm temperate regions of South America and Africa. They seem to like crawling up … Some examples of garden plants include the Vaal River lily (Crinum bulbispermum), St. Christopher lily (Crinum jagus) and the Queen Emma spider lily (Crinum augustum 'Queen Emma'). This vibrant cybister amaryllis is pretty in pink — from the deepest rose to the palest pastel. Shortly after the bulbs were planted and the growing process started, we noticed tiny insects appearing. This plant is hardy in USDA zones 7 through 11 and has been bred with other amaryllis relatives to produce hybrids. Are Peruvian Lilies Poisonous Flowers for Cats? Direct from our cool store, these bulbs can be planted now and will shoot into flower in just a few weeks. Above the strappy foliage, the flower stalk can stretch over two feet high, topped with a stunning display of huge, trumpet-shaped flowers in shades of pink, red, white, and even orange – with some gorgeous striped varieties available as well. Many times these plants grow prolifically in wet soil along streams or lakes and bloom in either winter, spring or summer. Amaryllis belladonna is a very, very colorful and showy flower and hence the flower is symbolically used to represent the meanings - splendid beauty or pride. You can order the kit now for $36.95, which includes one waxed bulb and a stainless steel wire hanger. Flowers appear in fall. There are many categories of narcissus types, and they have been hybridized for centuries. Responding to summer and fall rains, rain lilies (Zephyranthes spp.) Sometimes misleadingly called lilies, members of the amaryllis family, Amaryllidaceae, belong to their own distinct botanical group. Amaryllis bulbs are very sensitive to overwatering.